The Russian Revolution

Mark Albertson

37 Russell Street,

Norwalk, Ct. 06855


This six-week series traces one of the defining events of the 20th century . . . The Russian Revolution.  The journey will commence with an explanation of Marx’s and Engel’s Communist Manifesto, culminating with Stalin’s rise to power.  Lenin, Trotsky, Stalin and others will be profiled.  But central to this four-week sojourn into history will be the irrevocable changes sweeping across Europe following the French Revolution; focusing, of course, on the collapse of Czarist Russia and the advent of Bolshevik Russia; hence, the Soviet Union.

Week 1:  The Romanovs

Mikhail Romanov assumed the Russian throne, 1613; beginning a reign that would last more than 300 years.  This session will span Russian history, from the Time of Troubles, late 16th century to the end of the 19th, setting the stage for the eventual upheavals of 1905 and 1917.

Week 2:  The Manifesto

In 1848, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels produced a work that would eventually generate a political challenge of the most explosive variety.  This session will analyze this impactful book, the doctrine and the practitioners who brought the Manifesto to life, Lenin, Trotsky, Gorky . . .

Week 3:  Revolution in Russia:  January 1905-December 1917

The 1904-1905 Russo-Japanese War; Father Gapon and the Winter Palace, January 1905; the Czar rebounds; Lenin, the Bolsheviks; Trotsky; World War I; 1916 Summer Offensive on the Eastern Front and disaster; Revolution, February 1917; Provisional Government; disastrous summer offensive; the Bolsheviks seize power, November 1917.

Week 4:  Civil War in Russia, December 1917-December 1922

Felix Dzerzhinsky and the Cheka; the Red Army; White Russians; Russo-Polish War, 1919-1921; foreign intervention; War Communism; Treaty of Rapallo, April 1922.

Week 5:  The Communist Party of Bolshevik Russia

This session will focus on the organization and structure of Lenin’s Bolshevik Party, later known as, the Communist Party.  Included, too, will be an explanation of the Party watchdog, the Cheka; and, the COMINTERN or Communist International.  Comparison will be made here with Saudi Arabia’s network of madrassas and the spread of Wahhabism.

Week 6:  Consolidation of Power/Rise of Stalin

NEP; the Party; Peasantry; Proletariat; surreptitious Russo-German cooperation; Lenin dies, 1924; tug-of-war for power, Trotsky vs. Stalin; Stalin’s Revolution - Norwalk community college